Immigration Records (Departures and arrivals)

Immigration Records (Departures and arrivals)

European immigration to North and South America played a significant role in shaping the demographics and cultures of both continents. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, millions of Europeans migrated to the Americas in search of better economic opportunities and escaping political unrest.

The majority of European immigrants departed from various ports across the continent, including Liverpool and Southampton in England, Hamburg in Germany, and Genoa in Italy. These ports served as major hubs for transatlantic travel, connecting Europe to destinations such as New York, Buenos Aires, and Halifax. The journey across the Atlantic Ocean was arduous and often dangerous, but for many, it represented the hope of a new beginning in the Americas.

Each Port A Unique Experience

Immigration became a competitive trade among shipping lines and port cities vied for top ranked spots in immigrant entry. Ports attracted different immigrant populations based on their industries and partnerships with railroads and shipping companies.

List of Italian immigrants in America, Europe and other countries

Departure Records for Italian immigrants

Arrival Records

Beginning in 1820, the US government required ship captains to submit a passenger list or manifest for passengers brought aboard at any foreign port and arriving in a US port. The National Archives holds the lists in microfilm and original form.  The National Archives maintain the lists on microfilm and in original form; many of these documents were digitized and can be viewed online at Ancestry or FamilySearch.

To find your immigrant ancestors who made their way to America through ports other than New York, you can consult:

European Immigration

Ships